Density, the City of New York has
26,685 people/sq mile. The urbanized area of Shanghai has
42,415 people/sq mile.*
From 1950-1970 China pop. doubled. BIG
baby boom. After 1970, one child law established and legal age to
marry raised 27.
Large segment of population of working
Cement - 40% of world prod., demand is 6 times U.S.
Steel production 220 mil tons/yr, imports 40 mil,
plans to add 200 mil tons production
Iron Ore imports 14,000 tons 1990 to 148,000 2003
Coal exports declined to 55 mil tons in 2004, were 80 mil in 1991
due to increased demand for use in domestic steel production.
Now, net importer coking coal. World thermal coal prices up 20% in
2003, up 40% more in 2004.
Aluminum net exporter in 1998, now net importer despite 238%
increase in production over the last 4 yrs.
per capita use is 1/5 U.S. (China 3.2 kg, US 16 kg, India .5 kg per
Oil Still modest importer, has displaced Japan as worlds #2
Copper share of world demand increased from 6% to 27% in ten yrs,
per capita still < 1/3 U.S.
Platinum imported 20,000 oz in 1990, up to 1.6 mil oz in 2003
Grains domestic stocks drawn down over past 5 years. Imports
forecast to double by 2020 by World Bank,
USDA est. imports to quadruple.
Soybeans imports exceeded production for first time in 2003.
Cotton produces 27% of world cotton, consumes 34% (some of this is
for re-export), U.S. textile manufacturing shift to China.
Meat consumption is 35 lb/cap/yr, Taiwan - 180 lb, U.S. - > 350
not a large importer at this time, domestic prod tripled from
1986-1996 mostly in pork.
Avian flu a concern across Asia for poultry production.